Tuesday, May 19, 2020
Implemented in 1948, the Universal Declaration of Human Rights (UDHR) delineates the basic rights and freedoms entitled to all humans. The freedom of speech and the right to express beliefs freely is a universal human right protected by Article 19 of the UDHR. It declares that Ã¢â¬Å"everyone has the right to freedom of opinion and expressionÃ¢â¬ and can Ã¢â¬Å"hold opinions without interferenceÃ¢â¬ . The regional agreements of Iran, China and Bahrain are in accordance with the Universal Declaration and are fully dedicated to upholding the rights of the citizens, the government, and the overall welfare of their nation. While the government is often dealt a difficult hand with defining the boundaries of censorship, the idea of censorship is impermissible. The line between restricting and not restricting opinions becomes unclear when the universal right to free speech coincides with the basic rights of other citizens or openly threatens the balance of the state. Opinions contrary to that of the government do not justify refusing citizens their basic rights, like in the case of Iran, China and Bahrain. It is essential to protect free speech as a universal law for the benefit of society as a whole. The government of Iran, China, and Bahrain clearly violated the fundamental rights listed under the international human rights law. Therefore, they should be scrutinized for refusing citizens the ability to express their opinions. The following paragraphs will consider different cases that are inShow MoreRelatedThe Universal Declaration Of Human Rights1728 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pagespeople. Culture can impede progress and leave women, minorities and other sub-sects of a society without the basic human rights that they deserve. Clinging too close to culture can be dangerous. The Foundations of a Universal Declaration The Universal Declaration of Human Rights (UDHR) was drafted shortly after the United Nations was established in 1945. The aim of the Declaration was to ensure that an atrocity such as the mass killings of Jews and other minorities in Nazi Germany would never happenRead MoreThe Universal Declaration of Human Rights1131 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesHuman rights are moral principles that set out specific standards of human behavior, and are normally ensured as lawful rights in both national and global law. They are acknowledged to be inalienable, since anybody is characteristically qualified for it essentially on the grounds that they are individuals. Whatever our nationality, sex, shade, religion, dialect, or ethnic source is, we are all just as qualified for our rights without separation or discrimination. All human rights are resolute andRead MoreThe Universal Declaration Of Human Rights Essay1368 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pages The Universal Declaration of Human rights was adopted in the UN gene ral assembly by the 10th December 1948. This is the first time that the world recognized that everyone had the right to enjoy freedom of speech, freedom of religion and freedom from fear and want, and many other rights. International human rights come along way; before there was no rights. The idea of having rights that led to the development of international human rights takes time. There are benchmarks developments in internationalRead MoreThe Universal Declaration Of Human Rights Essay1276 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesA human right is an ethical choice and moral belief belonging to all humans regardless of traits, status, location, color, gender, or belief system. Making the connection to a universal law, the United Nations Rights High Commissioner explains these rights are, Ã¢â¬Å"guaranteed by lawÃ¢â¬ and protected as Ã¢â¬Å"fundamental freedomsÃ¢â¬ (OHCHR, 2016). The Cambridge Dictionary defines privilege as Ã¢â¬Å"an advantage that only one person or group of people hasÃ¢â¬ listing examples such as having a high social position or wealthRead MoreUniversal Declaration Of Human Rights1263 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesAccording to the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, a doctrine created to ensure a mutual standard of treatment amongst all humans, every person deserves an equal set of life standards. According to Article 18 of this 30 Article document, Ã¢â¬Å"everyone has the right to freedom of thought, conscience and religion; this right includes freedom to change his religion or belief and freedom, either alone or in community with others and in public or private, to manifest his religion or belief in teachingRead MoreThe Universal Declaration Of Human Rights892 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesHuman rigths is an essential component of a tolerant and individually satisfied society. They are created to defend peopleÃ¢â¬â¢s dignity, equality and liberty. However, for thousands of years people lived with no garanteed rights, until 1948, when United Nations adopted the Universal Declaration of Human Rights. But is the Universal Declaration of Human Rigths really universal to all states and humans living in them? I am going to argue if Human Rights should or should not be unically adapted to differentRead MoreThe Universal Declaration Of Human Rights875 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesI feel that the Universal Declaration of Human Rights (UDHR) does have a western bias. Many people look to US for guidance, but not many other nations copy our way of life. States can sign treaties, but they cannot be reassured that the other nation will keep its word. The US and the UN should maybe not be engaging in promoting western society, but they should be engaging in promoting the protection of human rights. The UN UDHR fought for minimal rights in 1948 by identifying three types of generationsRead MoreThe Universal Declaration Of Human Rights1485 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pages1003236982 The Universal Declaration of Human Rights states Ã¢â¬Å"that human rights are held by all persons equally and universally foreverÃ¢â¬ Ã¢â¬âhence, they are universal held. This is due to them being the exact same for all human beings anywhere in the world. One cannot acquire human rights because of where they come from, but because they are a member of the human race. Nobody can lose those human rights, nor can they be taken away for whatever the reason may be. Together, we have the right to express ourselvesRead MoreThe Declaration Of Universal Human Rights869 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesGeneral Assembly (UNGA) set forth a declaration of universal human rights. The goal was to set a common standard of rights based on Ã¢â¬Å"recognition of the inherent dignity and equal and inalienable rights of all members of the human family.Ã¢â¬ It was meant to become the perfect social contract but unfortunately was not upheld even by the signatory nations themselves. Many critics now looking b ack have cited the overreaching ideals as the downfall of the declaration but yet many have responded saying itRead MoreThe Universal Declaration Of Human Rights3323 Words Ã |Ã 14 Pagesthe Universal Declaration of Human Rights (1948), the concept of human rights has gradually become one of the most commonly accepted universal norms, referred to in United Nations resolutions, national constitutions and regional and international treaties. Even so, human rights violations occur on an almost daily basis in countries around the world. The term seems to be at the forefront of contemporary political discourses, with its meaning at most times remaining unclear. In theory, human rights
Wednesday, May 6, 2020
In Meditation I, Descartes discusses those things that can be called into doubt. He starts off by talking about how he has been mislead by his beliefs before, so will start off by separating those beliefs that cause him to doubt. He would like to secure his foundational beliefs similar to a house, without a secure foundation, the house can fall. Descartes mentions how he occasionally realizes that he has been deceived by his senses. Some things seem small at a distance, but then when looking at the same object, at a closer distance, it is not what you thought it was, your vision had deceived you; so he says it is better that you donÃ¢â¬â¢t trust those who may have even deceived you once, the senses. We should not depend on just the senses to make judgments, we should be aware of the fact that our senses can mislead us. He [Descartes] asks if he even exists, writing and sitting by the fire, if these hands are even his, but then he says these questions would lead him to be perceived as he is crazy, and he so ignores the idea. Next, in Meditation I, Descartes is wondering how he can tell if he is dreaming or awake. He imagines, what if he is not really sitting by the fire, in his gown, and writing, what if he is actually in bed and dreaming. When focusing and feeling on his hands, he realizes that he isnÃ¢â¬â¢t asleep, but there have been many times when he has assumed he is awake, when really he was dreaming. So he concludes that there is no way of really telling whetherShow MoreRelatedDescartesÃ¢â¬â¢ Cogito Argument Successfully Shows the Evil Demon Argument is Unsound888 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesDoes DescartesÃ¢â¬â¢ Cogito argument successfully show that the Evil Demon Argument is unsound? In this essay I will attempt to show that the philosopher, RenÃ ¨ DescartesÃ¢â¬â¢ Cogito Argument successfully proves the Evil Demon Argument to be unsound. By an analysis of the structure of the arguments and what they prove, I will show the evil demon argument to be unsound. An argument is unsound when the premises as false and the argument is invalid. This analysis of both structure and content will eventuateRead MoreThe On First Philosophy By Rene Descartes1699 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesIn his work Meditations on First Philosophy, published in 1641, RenÃ © Descartes sets out to establish a set of indubitable truths for the sciences. He begins by discarding all of his beliefs, then works to rebuild his beliefs based on careful thought. Descartes clearly states this goal, saying in the First Meditation, Ã¢â¬Å"I will work my way upÃ¢â¬ ¦ I will accomplish this by putting aside everything that admits of the least doubtÃ¢â¬ (I, 17). He is able to establish his own existence, but struggles to move beyondRead MoreThe Dream Inside Of A Dream By Christopher Nolan1683 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesPaper: Descartes The possibility of having a dream inside of a dream is an idea that has been discussed far and wide. However, before Inception came out in 2010 by director Christopher Nolan, many people in the modern world may not have ever considered this idea. Nonetheless, this idea of Ã¢â¬Å"a dream inside a dreamÃ¢â¬ has been around since 1640, when Rene Descartes published Meditations. In Inception, Christopher Nolan uses Descartes ideas to enhance the storyline of his film. In this paper I willRead MoreAnalysis Of Descartes Meditations On First Philosophy Essay1758 Words Ã |Ã 8 PagesRole of God in DescartesÃ¢â¬â¢ Meditations on First Philosophy In his work Meditations on First Philosophy, published in 1641, RenÃ © Descartes sets out to establish a set of indubitable truths for the sciences. He begins by discarding all of his beliefs, then works to rebuild his beliefs based on careful thought. Descartes clearly states this goal, saying in the First Meditation, Ã¢â¬Å"I will work my way upÃ¢â¬ ¦ I will accomplish this by putting aside everything that admits of the least doubtÃ¢â¬ (I, 17). He is ableRead MoreDescartes Vs. Descartes s Theory Of Certainty1852 Words Ã |Ã 8 Pagesof the greatest philosophers in history, RenÃ © Descartes tackles the daunting task of ensuring what is truly certain in life using a systemic thinking process known as methodological doubt in his Meditations on First Philosophy. In order to determine what is absolutely certain, Descartes concludes that the foundation which even reality sits upon is not firm since most of what contributed to its certainty is based on sensory perception. However, Descartes proves that even the senses can be deceivingRead MoreEssay on Descartes Failure4852 Words Ã |Ã 20 PagesDescartes Failure In his Meditations on First Philosophy, Descartes strives first and foremost to provide an infallibly justified foundation for the empirical sciences, and second to prove the existence of God. I will focus on the first and second meditations in my attempt to show that, in his skepticism of the sources of knowledge, he fails to follow the rules he has set out in the Discourse on Method. First I claim that Descartes fails to draw the distinction between pure sensation andRead MoreDescartes Proof for the Existence of God Essay3414 Words Ã |Ã 14 PagesDescartes Proof for the Existence of God Many readers follow Descartes with fascination and pleasure as he descends into the pit of skepticism in the first two Meditations, defeats the skeptics by finding the a version of the cogito, his nature, and that of bodies, only to find them selves baffled and repulsed when they come to his proof for the existence of God in Meditation III. In large measure this change of attitude results from a number of factors. One is that the proof is complicatedRead MoreEssay on The Philosophy of Cognitive Science2158 Words Ã |Ã 9 Pagesproperly philosophical or require a scientific approach. First, I will expound the philosophical solution to the MBP proposed by Descartes, to be followed by an exposition of Ryles criticisms to the solution. Second, from Ryles criticism, I will deduce a scientific solution to the MBP related to the neural framework model of mind in cognitive science by means of what I call the principle of the embodiment of the mind. Finally, I shall point out the philosophi cal difficulties that are to be foundRead MoreA Brief Biography of Rene Descartes1580 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pagesof philosopher Rene Descartes, who had endorsed the mechanistic conception of the world and the human body by coining notions such as mind, substance, and the knowledge argument; although his notions were not always accepted, he managed to provide valid support. Born in France, Rene Descartes, dubbed The Father of Modern Philosophy was, in a way, a Renaissance man having contributed influence amongst subjects such science, mathematics, psychology, and philosophy. Descartes was the medium of theRead MoreProposed Seven Philosophers On The Existence Of God And Their Development Of These Ideas1413 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pages In my Round Table Essay I would like to introduce seven philosophers that we have discussed in class and focus on three specifically for my choice topic. The seven philosophers are as follows: (1) Socrates, (2) Plato, (3) Aristotle, (4) Francis Bacon, (5) St. Augustine, (6) Thomas Aquinas, and (7) Rene DesCartes. The specific three I want to focus on being; St. Augustine, Thomas Aquinas and Rene Descartes. Lastly, I will proceed to relate their ideas on the existence of God and their development
Questions: 1. Compare and contrast primary cells and cell lines. In your answer, make sure to address the following points? 2. Describe how cell lines are maintained in the lab. In your answer, make sure to address the following points? 3. Describe the process of differentiation. In your answer make sure to address the following points? Answers: 1. a. The preparation of primary cells for cell culture. i. The organ is isolated and selected (Stacey, Doyle, Alan, Ferro, Margherita, 2002).ii. The organ is dissected to remove fat and necrotic cellsiii. The cells are subjected to enzymatic degradation (Stacey et al., 2002).iv. Trypsin or collagenase is addedv. Re-suspend and seed the medium Conditions needed for cell to survive include; gas mixture and temperature of 5% CO2 and 37 degrees Celsius respectively, appropriate PH, glucose and nutrients (Stacey et al., 2002). Advantages of primary cells over in vivo i. Use of primary cell is cost effective ("Primary Cell Culture | Sigma-Aldrich," n.d.). ii. Primary cells use avoids ethical objections. Disadvantages of primary cells i. Primary cells take longer to grow ii. Culture and isolations costs for primary cells are prohibitive and high c. Cell lines originate from a cell culture made from a single cell. The main distinguishing features of cell lines from primary cells include, cell lines have minimal variability while primary cells have variability existing between preparations and the donor cells ("Primary Cell Culture | Sigma-Aldrich," n.d.). d. Advantages of using cell lines over primary cells in experimentation i. Cell lines take less time to grow unlike primary cells ii. Cell lines have minimal variability unlike in primary cells. Disadvantages of using cell line over primary cells in experimentations i. They provide less relevant results as compared to primary cells ("Primary Cell Culture | Sigma-Aldrich," n.d.). 2. i. Confluence is the approximate number of the adherent cells in the flask or dish of the cell culture (Mather, 2008). ii. The procedure of cell line passaging starts with the removal of the medium of the HEK 293 cell flask completely (Masters, Stacey, 2007). This is then followed by addition of 3ml trypsin to the medium. The next step is placing the flask containing the medium to an incubator at a temperature of 37 degrees Celsius for 5 minutes (Masters, Stacey, 2007). Then rock the flask and wash down the cells by addition of medium and pipette to separate cell clusters into single cell lines. Add desirable volume of re-suspended cell mix into new plates. Finally, shake the plates or the flask in gentle manner to allow proper mixing then place them back to CO2 incubator at temperature of 37 degrees Celsius (Masters, Stacey, 2007).Passing cell lines helps to evade senescence. Passaging a cell line too many times results in cells having little in common with original reference strain. Preparation of cell lines for cryopreservation i. Harvesting cells in the log growth phase (Stacey, Hawkins, Fleck, 2011).ii. Bring both the semi-adherent and adherent cells into suspension by the use of EDTAiii. Remove a small aliquot of the cells and do cell quantification iv. Perform centrifugation on the remaining culture for approximately 5 minutesv. Re-suspend the cells in the freeze medium vi. Then pipette one aliquot of the cells vii. Place the ampoules in a freezer whose rate is controlled viii. The medium is then shifted to a freezer for cryopreservation 3. i. Differentiation is a process that happens in multicellular organisms where a cell with less specialization matures so that it becomes more discrete in its functions and form (Altman, 2001). The major importance of differentiation in multicellular organisms is that it provides them with a variety of cell specialized in performing specific functions. ii. Somatic cells differentiation starts with the chromatin for both plants and animals. Chromatin reorganization is the first steps that occurs which in turn lead to activation of the pluripotent genes including Oct3/4 in animals and NAM in plants, establishing pluripotentiality (Nakagawa, M., Yamanaka, 2010). There are a variety of activities that lead to chromatin modelling induced pluripotentiality that may include activity of the thrombin in serum, cell wall removal and viral infections. Basically, the presence of these stimuli signals the cells to differentiate thus that are how the cells know when to differentiate. iii. Stem cells have the following characteristics: Ability to divide and renew themselves Basic and unspecialized cells (Miki et al., 2005). Give rise to specialized cells through differentiation (Mather, 2008). According to Baker (2008) stem cells are appealing to the medical community because of their therapeutic potential. References Altman,G.H. (2001). Cell differentiation by mechanical stress. The FASEB Journal. doi:10.1096/fj.01-0656fje Baker,M. (2008). Cancer and stem cells: Beckman conference. Nature Reports Stem Cells. doi:10.1038/stemcells.2008.47 Masters,J.R., Stacey,G.N. (2007). Changing medium and passaging cell lines. Nature Protocols, 2(9), 2276-2284. doi:10.1038/nprot.2007.319 Mather,J.P. (2008). Stem cell culture. London: Elsevier/Academic Press. Miki,T., Lehmann,T., Cai,H., Stolz,D.B., Strom,S.C. (2005). Stem Cell Characteristics of Amniotic Epithelial Cells. Stem Cells, 23(10), 1549-1559. doi:10.1634/stemcells.2004-0357 Nakagawa,M., Yamanaka,S. (2010). Reprogramming of Somatic Cells to Pluripotency. Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology, 215-224. doi:10.1007/978-1-4419-7037-4_14 Primary Cell Culture | Sigma-Aldrich. (n.d.). Retrieved from https://www.sigmaaldrich.com/technical-documents/articles/biology/primary-cell-culture.html Stacey,G., Doyle, Alan, Ferro, Margherita. (2002). Cell Culture Methods for in Vitro Toxicology. Springer Verlag. Stacey,G.N., Hawkins,R., Fleck,R.A. (2011). Cryopreservation and Banking of Cell Lines. Animal Cell Culture, 185-203. doi:10.1002/9780470669815.ch6
Wednesday, April 22, 2020
Vinegar Tom use of language Essay He doesnt show this from the beginning but its latter on in the play that you see his true colours; when Margery is taking a while to churn the butter. Jack enters and calls her a lazy slut, this shows his contempt for his wife and his short temper. Further evidence of this comes when he asks Alice to have an affair with him. The symbol of the request is in the apple but Jack changes his way of speaking to that of sympathy, not for anyone else but himself. He tries to gain the sympathy of Alice by acting hard done by as if in need of her. We will write a custom essay on Vinegar Tom use of language specifically for you for only $16.38 $13.9/page Order now When talking of his wife he says, Im no good to my wife. I cant do it. Not these last three months. Its only when I dream of you or like now talking to you he then pleads with Alice to have some pity. When Alice doesnt fall for his act he takes it out on Joan calling her an ungrateful old hag, and telling her hell break your neck if you speak to me. From this point on his is back to his miserable and aggressive mood which he keeps until the end of the play when he gets Joan hung, losing it only for a short time when Alice gives him it back. Joan Joan plays the act of an old sweet woman trying to get attention, yet when she is provoked she can be as spiteful and wicked as a witch and has a foul tongue. Examples of these two sides to her personality can be seen when she visits Margery in the barn in scene five and asks for some yeast. At first she is as Jack is in scene five with Alice trying to get sympathy A small crumb of yeast and God will bless you for your kindness to your poor old neighbour. Yet when she receives none and Margery is a little rude to her she responds by cursing her and saying; Devil take you and your man and your yeast and your beer and your bread and your cider and your cold face and she would have continued if she wasnt cut short by Margery. The way she starts of by talking of blessings from God to cursing from the devil shows the two sides of Joans personality, she is in fact a poor old woman, but she is so bitter by that that she curses and swears like a witch which is what gets her hanged in the end.
Tuesday, March 17, 2020
Discussion Board Reply Example Discussion Board Reply Ã¢â¬â Coursework Example Discussion Board There is no doubt that the process of hiring is a complicated one and various aspects have to be kept in mind to accomplish the purpose of hiring (Barnham, 2001). Interestingly, you have talked about Ã¢â¬Ëstaffing needÃ¢â¬â¢ right in the start of the document; an aspect that is most often ignored. Of course how is it possible for an organization to choose the appropriate individuals if it ignores its needs. The assertion that employee referrals often have the best results raises a few questions in my mind. IsnÃ¢â¬â¢t it a fact that referrals can sometimes affect the ongoing process of recruitment, which is based on the idea of merit? In my opinion, if a job opportunity is advertised, the activity of exploring referrals for the selection of candidates should be stopped. On the other hand, if referrals are to be used for hiring purpose, a job should not be announced before the public (Aamodt, 2012). Merit demands that candidates are given equal opportunities and for this reason selecting candidates through referrals and through open advertisements should not be done simultaneously. It is interesting to note that you have talked about the fact that interviews need to follow a certain structure. A pre-designed structure of interview questions has many benefits. This is essential to ensure that all interviewees are subjected to a similar set of questions, since merit demands that evaluation of candidates be carried out on similar grounds. This appears to be more in alignment with the ethical standards that demand that individuals be treated in a fair manner.ReferencesAamodt, M. (2012).Ã Industrial/organizational psychology: An applied approach. Cengage Learning. Branham, L. (2001).Ã Keeping the people who keep you in business: 24 ways to hang on to your most valuable talent. AMACOM Div American Mgmt Assn. Discussion Board Reply Example Discussion Board Reply Ã¢â¬â Coursework Example DISCUSSION BOARD REPLY al Affiliation) mate thread on Taguchi Method The mate found the method Taguchi developed to be interesting in that he challenged the traditional approach in design of experiment by claiming that the design stage is where the most of the quality of products and services is determined.The main advantage of the method as brought out by the classmate in discussion is worth considered as it emphasizes on the mean performance characteristic values, which are close to the target instead of a value that is within specified limits. This makes the method improve the quality of product. The method hence becomes easy to apply in most engineering situations (Wu results obtained are only considered relative and do not indicate exactly show the parameters that has the highest effect on the performance characteristic value was not considered by the classmate. The method that was chosen also does not test all the combinations that the variables have due to orthogonal values. The method has also been seen to have a limitation of being offline and this makes it inappropriate for the processes that are always changing such as simulation studies (Harris, 2008). The difficulty that was brought about by the classmate was right as Taguchi methods have been criticized by users in literature difficulty that it has on accounting for interaction between the parameters. The method mainly focuses on designing quality rather that making correction on qualities that are poor. This makes them applied at early stages of development processes (Bendell, 2009). The hybrid approach provided the decision makers with the risks and benefits associated with selecting a supplier. The risk and benefit factors are then analyzed to determine relative importance and are used to compute a score.ReferencesBendell, T. (2009). Taguchi methods. London [England]: Elsevier Applied Science.Harris, N. (2008). Special issue on Taguchi methods. Chichester, Sussex, England: Wiley & Sons.Wu, Y., & Wu, A. (2000). Taguchi Methods for robust design. New York: ASME Press.
Saturday, February 29, 2020
Awesome Ball Girl and Perception Essay In the short video of Ã¢â¬Å"Awesome Ball GirlÃ¢â¬ , there is a young ball girl working in the field that makes such a great catch, most professionals would not have been able to make. At the start of the video you would think that you are about to see a home run after a great hit, but my eyes were drawn elsewhere; just like the crowd and two teams. This shows the first stage in the perception process: selection. Selection occurs when one or more of your senses are stimulated, where your mind and body help you choose what stimuli to attend to (Floyd 109). Of my five senses, this video affected my vision and my hearing since I was watching a screen; more senses would have been affected if I would have been in the crowd. We do not necessarily make conscious decisions about which stimuli to notice and which to ignore. Research indicates that there are three characteristics that make a particular stimulus more likely to be selected for attention. (Floyd 109) The first characteristic is that something unusual or unexpected will make a stimulus stand out. Second, that repetition or how frequently you have been exposed to something will make it stand out. Third, the intensity of a stimulus will affect how much you take notice to it. From the video Ã¢â¬Å"Awesome Ball GirlÃ¢â¬ , two of the characteristics that stood out the most for me were repetition and intensity. I do not watch baseball often so since I am not exposed to that sport often, it stood out to me. In addition to not watching that sport often, the intensity of the crowd made me more interested because I knew something big was happening due to hearing the cheering and gasping. By the end of the video, all of my attention was focused on the young ball girl who just made an amazing catch. Once you have noticed a particular stimulus the next step of the perception process is to classify it by organization, the second stage of the perception process. Organization is the process of categorizing information that has been selected for attention Ã¢â¬â the mind will apply a perceptual schema to it for a mental framework for organizing information (Floyd 109). Perceptual schemas help us organize sensory information in some meaningful way so that we can move forward with the process of perception. There are four types of schema that help to classify the information we notice about people: physical constructs, role constructs, interaction constructs and psychological constructs. (Floyd 110) Physical constructs emphasize appearances and objective characteristics (height, age, ethnicity, body shape) as well as subjective characteristics (attractiveness). Role constructs emphasize social or professional position (teacher, accountant, father, community leader). Interaction constructs emphasize behavior (outgoing, shy, aggressive, sarcastic, considerate). Psychological constructs emphasize thoughts and feelings (angry, insecure, jealous, worried). (Floyd 110) Looking back on watching this video, I feel like I could apply all of these constructs to the young ball girl. She was a younger white female; her appearance was average height for a woman, not tall and not short with an athletic build Ã¢â¬â which is known to be attractive. The announcer for the game calls her the ball girl as well as the title of the video which gave the role construct. The interaction I could see was that she was a Ã¢â¬Å"go-getterÃ¢â¬ and that she was not shy about going after the ball that the professional player missed. After the catch, she was walking back to her seat; she seemed insecure and or worried like she was thinking maybe it was a bad idea to catch the ball now that all attention is on her. Stage one, selection, helped me with stage two, organization because I knew what caught my attention. Seeing a girl running down the side of the field, hearing the crowd cheering and the announcer going crazy made me realize that something spectacular was happening even though I donÃ¢â¬â¢t watch baseball often. Once my attention was focused on the ball girl, I was able to use the types of schemas to classify the information that my mind noticed. The third and final stage of the perception process is interpretation. Interpretation in the perception process is assigning all of the information from selection and organization and forming a personal meaning. Three factors: experience, knowledge and closeness can all affect how you interpret something that you perceive (Floyd 111). Every personÃ¢â¬â¢s interpretations will most likely differ. For me, experience plays the biggest role since I used to play softball. I know how hard it can be to catch a ball at the rear of the outfield, let alone trying to scale a wall before catching the ball; which proves to me that this young ball girl has a lot of talent. To some people that may be avid baseball fans that attend a lot of games, this could be an event they will never forget, but for me, it is just a very impressive video that I will probably potentially forget about due to my lack of interest in baseball. I do not have doubts that this video is not real or accurate. Crazier things happen every day! After going step by step through the perception process, I see a very talented young girl that has the potential to be a great player on a ball team. Awesome Ball Girl and Perception. (2016, Sep 29).
Thursday, February 13, 2020
U.S. Congress - Research Paper Example istics, which would range from data on party affiliation, the average age of the members, occupation, education levels, length of congressional service. Other characteristics include; their religious affiliation, gender, ethnicity, foreign births as well as military service (Brownworth). In the congress as at February 2013, the House of Representatives had a maximum of 232 republicans and 206 democrats plus 5 delegates and the resident commissioner. The senate on the other hand had 45 republicans against 53 democrats. There were also 2 independent who caucus with the democrats. At the beginning of the 113th tenure, the average age of the members of the congress was found to be 57.0 years while that of senators was 62.0 years. A majority of the members of the congress have attained at least a college education. The members dominantly possess professions ranging from public service/politics, business and law. The religion affiliation of most of the members is either Christians or Protestants with the largest single religious denomination being Catholics; 31% of the Members (136 in the House, 27 in the Senate) are Catholic. The length of service averagely of the representatives is averagely worked out to be 9.1 years, which is 4.6 terms; the senatorsÃ¢â¬â¢ term is 10 .2 years, which is 1.7 terms. The one hundred and thirteenth house has a record number of women that stands at one hundred; 18.5% of total membership. 80 of this number are found in the House a number that includes 3 delegates while 20 of these women are found in the senate (Brownworth). In terms of ethnicity, we have 43 African American members of the house while 2 are found in the senate. It is worth noting that this number includes two delegates. The same house has 38 Hispanic serving in the congress of which 34 are in the house including 1 delegate and the resident commissioner while 4 are there in the senate. 13 members of the house in the order of 10 who are the representatives, 2 delegates and 1